Posts Tagged ‘ National University of Singapore ’

Is the Demand for Enterprise Architecture Talent Increasing?

Based on Kelly Services’ annual Salary Guide, the answer seems to be Yes.

There are 2 positions listed in the guide that are related to the Enterprise Architecture (EA) discipline – 1) Solutions Architect and 2) Enterprise & Architect. Below is the salary trend for these 2 titles over the past 4 years.

Solutions Architect – Minimum & Maximum Salary Trend

In what could be attributed to the recession, 2008 shows a decrease in Solutions Architects’ maximum salary. But this picked up the following year, going back to the same level as 2007.

Enterprise & Architect – Minimum & Maximum Salary Trend

Notice that this position appeared in the guide starting 2008 which shows the industry starting to recognize the significance of EA or its principles.

Job Descriptions

So what does the industry expect from a Solutions Architect or a Enterprise & Architect? These are the job descriptions from the guide.

Solutions Architect – Provide pre and post sales support in an IT vendor environment by developing the technical architecture and design of systems or applications. Provide technical leadership and subject matter expertise in various stages of the sales and project delivery lifecycle.

Enterprise & Architect – Design IT systems setup.

Does this mean that most Solutions Architects are consultants instead of in-house staff? In a way, this makes sense as to be a Solutions Architect, you need a broad range of experience made possible by working in a consulting company as opposed to working at the client side where exposure to various technologies is limited and the time to build a portfolio of projects is longer. This is unless the organization you work in is aggressive in its technology plan.

As for the Enterprise & Architect, the description is quite general. In fact, in a survey done by BP among its architects, it was found that the architect’s role was vaguely defined. So BP started a program that includes the TOGAF certification.

The TOGAF Architecture Skills Framework

Following the TOGAF Architecture Skills Framework, there are actually more than a few roles under a typical EA undertaking, namely:
1. IT Designer
2. Program and/or Project Manager
3. Architects – for each of these areas: Enterprise Architecture, Business Architecture, Data Architecture, Application Architecture, Technology Architecture
4. Architecture Manager
5. Architecture Sponsor
6. Architecture Board Members

As EA adoption in Singapore advances, we hope to see the industry-recognized position of Enterprise & Architect more specified and see more positions created under the EA umbrella.

Starting a Career in EA

If you are interested in an EA career, you may want to learn more about EA and how you can build upon your existing skills towards one of the EA positions listed above. Example: If you want to move into an Applications Architect role, these are the skills you need to have at an expert level according to the TOGAF Architecture Skills Framework.

Generic Skills:
– Teamwork
– Inter-personal
– Oral communications
– Written communications
– Logical analysis

Business Skills & Methods:
– Business case
– Business scenario
– Business process
– Business metrics

Enterprise Architecture Skills:
– Business modeling
– Business process design
– Role design
– Organization design
– Application design
– IT industry standards
– Services design
– Architecture principles design
– Architecture views & viewpoints design
– Building block design
– Solutions modeling
– Benefits analysis
– Business interworking
– Systems behavior

IT General Knowledge Skills:
– IT application development methodologies & tools
– Programming languages
– Brokering applications
– Information consumer applications
– Information provider applications
– Web-based services
– Service level agreements
– Enterprise continuums
– Management utilities
– Infrastructure

Technical IT Skills:
– Software engineering
– Security
– Transaction processing
– User interface

Quite a comprehensive list but if you are an IT mid- or higher level manager and especially if you have a Software Engineer background, you should already have most of these skills save for the Enterprise Architecture skills. A good course on EA which includes creating a graded EA paper for a real-world case should give you a good start. Presently, the Institute of Systems Science at the National University of Singapore has such a course.

Reference: TOGAF 9 handbook


Posted by rochelleolviga